西迁过程的Homestead Act(宅基地法)

Homestead Act 措施

the spike in western migration came with the Homestead Act of 1862.
In this period, individuals could apply for a 160-acre homestead west of the Mississippi River.
the land was free but in order to get the deed the owner had to build a 12 by 14 foot home and grow crops for five years.

法案吸引的主要人群

the Homestead Act attracted people from many walks of life to the Great Plains, especially poor or landless farmers, disillusioned urban dwellers, freed slaves and new immigrants.

关于牛仔和宅基地法规定之外的土地

where the Prairie ended beyond the reach of the Homestead Act,
the wide-open foothills of the Rocky Mountains served as home
to scattered ranchers who grazed their cattle freely on the open range where no homesteads or fences or property lines existed.

brands serve to identify ownership of a herd when the cattle were ready for sale.
Cowboys took them on what was called the long drive walking sometimes thousands of miles to the nearest markets

for better or worse this period in history also coincides with the Romantic era in which many aspects of life were recorded
more as ideals than reality

遇到的困难1————没劳动力

homesteaders might have land but they couldn’t afford the steel plow and needed to break it or an animal to pull it.

遇到的困难2————没水源

even if they had the equipment and animals they often didn’t have enough water to irrigate the crops and water the animals.

遇到的困难3————没木材

they didn’t have trees to build houses or burn fires or light stoves

遇到的困难4————环境恶劣

they faced all the same extreme weather conditions that modern Americans face like droughts, wildfires, tornadoes, blizzards but without any modern assistance

结果

These difficulties led to a result that every 3 out of 5 homesteaders abandon his land.
It might have been difficult but millions of Americans believed that they would be the next success story.

参考资料

原视频:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NbwVl-0AP6s

视频字幕下载:
https://savesubs.com/process?url=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NbwVl-0AP6s


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